Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is a type of skin cancer that develops in the basal cells, which are found in the lower layer of the epidermis (the outermost layer of the skin).
BCC is the most common form of skin cancer. It typically forms on sun exposed skin. BCC do not spread to other parts of the body (metastasis) but slowly grow invading into the surrounding skin and any nearby structures and therefore, can be disfiguring if not treated. They are the most common type of skin cancer and are caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or tanning beds.
Symptoms of BCC may include a small, shiny bump or nodule, a sore that does not heal, or a scaly, red patch of skin.
Treatment options for BCC include surgery, radiation therapy, and topical medications.